Halal food industry is the major contributor to the global halal market which constitutes of 60% of overall halal products. Being the basic requirements for Muslim daily consumption, halal food is regarded as necessity and the most important halal sector. It includes primary meat, processed goods, bakery food confectionary, with processed goods contributing to 35% of the total.
It is imperative for the halal food industry to understand the halal certification requirements throughout halal food chain. It covers from farm, raw material processing and handling, unit of operations processing, additive and ingredient processing and handling, packaging, storage, transportation and distribution.

Normative References:

  1. MS1514:2009 - Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) For Food (First Revision)
  2. MS1500:2009 - Halal Food - Production, Preparation, Handling And Storage - General Guidelines (Second Revision)
  3. MS 2565:2014 - Halal Packaging - General Guidelines
  4. Malaysian Halal Certification Manual Procedure 2014
  5. Fatwa Muzakarah Jawatankuasa Fatwa Majlis Kebangsaan Bagi Hal Ehwal Ugama Islam Malaysia (MKI)  

Halal Assurance System

Halal Assurance System is a carefully developed plan, an integrated management system to ensure the halal integrity is intact throughout the halal supply chain. It serves as the guiding document to maintain the consistency of halal product or services produced or offered by the company. Halal Assurance System is a mandatory requirement for certain Malaysian Halal Standards, but it is a mandatory requirement for Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) halal certification. For halal best practice purposes, it is strongly recommended for the company to have a customise Halal Assurance System that suits their company specific needs.

Personal Care and Cosmetics

The principles of shariah requirements for cosmetics are similar as to with other halal sectors. The technical and regulatory requirements, on the other hand, differ due to industry specific requirements. Integrity of halal cosmetics products lies heavily on the effectiveness of its quality management system of halalan-toyyiban pipeline. It is imperative to control the halal critical control points throughout the manufacturing process. Thus, while safety and quality control dictates the toyyiban requirements for halal cosmetics, choice of ingredients used and the manufacturing process will be the main criteria for shariah requirements.


Pharmaceutical industry is a very highly regulated sector and the Regulatory and Thoyiban aspects of halal pharmaceuticals are very much integrated within the requirements of producing halal pharmaceutical products. The halalan or shariah requirements, nevertheless, is similar to any other industries, with ingredients and processing plays pivotal role in ensuring the integrity of halal products produced within the mandatory requirements for its safety and quality aspects. It is estimated that the global market for pharmaceutical industry in 2013 is USD818 billion and by year 2020 it is estimated to reach USD1,300 billion. The main challenges faced by the pharmaceutical industry in complying with halal certification requirements lies in the ingredients used. Proper strategies need to be in place as to avoid prolong process of ingredients screening and rejections due to unnecessary risks of cross-contamination.

Ritual Cleaning

Ritual cleaning is an integral part of the sustenance of halal integrity in any set-up of halal industries. It forms the basic but very important part in cleaning procedure for specific types of najs. Theoretical and practical understanding on how to conduct ritual cleaning will be very important especially for operators and halal management team. While the principles of ritual cleaning is similar across the industries, the cleaning modalities for certain industries such as pharmaceutical and food manufacturing may requires different treatment owing to the nature of the machineries or equipment.

Slaughtering and Abattoir Facilities

Halal slaughtering can be considered as the prerequisite requirements for all ingredients and food that are sourced from halal animal. Halal slaughtering house or abattoir has specific and unique conditions as compared to the other halal requirements. Slaughtering and abattoir is considered as high risk industry and will be closely monitored by the regulator. Apart from Halal certifying body such as JAKIM, the local Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) will also be involved to ensure the facility and animals slaughtered meet the stringent Toyyiban requirements that cover safety, hygiene, diseases prevention and monitoring programme. .

Technical & Regulatory Affairs

Apart from meeting the Shariah and Toyyiban needs, another important factor that determines the successful halal certification application is to comply with various local regulatory requirements. For regulated industries such as pharmaceuticals, personal care & cosmetics, traditional medicine and health supplements, the pre-requisite requirement prior to halal application is to ensure the products are already being approved by the respective regulating bodies such as the National Pharmaceutical Control Bureau (NPCB) for Malaysia and Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) for Indonesia.

Warehouse and Logistics

Malaysia’s trade expanded by 4.6% in 2013 to RM1.36 trillion from RM1.3 trillion in 2012 due to better export performance. Exports in 2013 grew by 2.4% or RM17.17 billion to RM719.81 billion. Major contributors to the upbeat performance were strong uptake by ASEAN countries, improved demand from European Union countries, growth in export of manufacturing and mining sectors and higher imports by free trade agreement partners. Other major contributors are higher electrical and electronic exports driven by new applications of semi-conductors and rising demand for other manufactured exports such a medical devices, metals, chemicals and chemical products as well as machinery, appliances and parts.

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