Malaysia’s trade expanded by 4.6% in 2013 to RM1.36 trillion from RM1.3 trillion in 2012 due to better export performance. Exports in 2013 grew by 2.4% or RM17.17 billion to RM719.81 billion. Major contributors to the upbeat performance were strong uptake by ASEAN countries, improved demand from European Union countries, growth in export of manufacturing and mining sectors and higher imports by free trade agreement partners. Other major contributors are higher electrical and electronic exports driven by new applications of semi-conductors and rising demand for other manufactured exports such a medical devices, metals, chemicals and chemical products as well as machinery, appliances and parts.
For 2014, Malaysia’s growth is expected to accelerate between 5% and 5.5% supported by domestic demand and an improving external environment, compared with 4.7% recorded in 2013. The country export is forecasted to grow by 3% to 4% in 2014 which augurs well with the Malaysian logistics industry. Frost & Sullivan forecasted the industry to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 10.2% to reach RM207.4 billion in 2017.
Three of Malaysia’s ports maintained their rankings among the busiest container ports in Southeast Asia. Port Klang and Tanjung Pelepas ranked 2nd and 3rd respectively while Penang Port ranked 16th.
The outlook for air cargo and warehousing is also very strong for Malaysia market.
For Muslim consumers in Malaysia, it is expected that the standard level of halal services is the assurance that they are getting a truly halal product based on the shariah requirements and prepared in a hygienic (toyyiban) manner (World Halal Forum, 2009; Abdul et al., 2009).
The main issues in upholding the halal integrity within the whole supply chain is in avoiding cross contamination with najs, avoiding mistakes during the whole process of the supply chain and ensuring that the operations are consistent with the expectations of the Muslim consumers (IHIAS, 2009).
Integrity issues will be the main concerns of the halal service provider or producer due to several reasons; increasing complexity of supply chains and focus of cost reduction of the logistics industry. Secondly, complexity of the supply chain causes detection of integrity issues becomes harder, thirdly, the consequences of the halal integrity issues become more costly (Tieman, 2013).
The expectation of Muslim consumers towards halal logistics services is embedded in the compliance towards the MS2400-1:2010 and MS2400-2:2010. The risk of contamination from handling, storage and transportation of halal goods are controlled or eliminated with proper control measures instituted within the Halal Assurance Management System of the company.
Logistics and Warehouse training covers the following areas:
- MS2400-1:2010 (Halalan-Toyyiban Assurance Pipeline - Part 1: Management System Requirements For Transportation Of Goods And/Or Cargo Chain Services),
- MS2400-2:2010 (Halalan-Toyyiban Assurance Pipeline - Part 2: Management System Requirements For Warehousing And Related Activities),
- MS1500:2009 (Halal Food - Production, Preparation, Handling And Storage - General Guidelines (Second Revision),
- Malaysia Halal Certification Manual Procedure 2014 (3rd Revision)
- Fatwa Muzakarah Jawatankuasa Fatwa Majlis Kebangsaan Bagi Hal Ehwal Ugama Islam Malaysia (MKI)